Lady Gaga & Born This Way Foundation

Audio-Visual Essay of Lady Gaga and Born This Way Foundation (

Contextual Statement

The Audio-Visual Essay is about an American singer-songwriter, Lady Gaga, her representative song, Born This Way, and Born This Way Foundation. The content is basically focusing on her activism and her foundation to see what kinds of activities they are doing and what they are aiming for.

Before going to see the depth of the Born This Way Foundation, it needs to understand what Born This Way is. The song is known for supporting, adopting, and encouraging people who are in trouble with their own sexual identities. Lady Gaga had her intentions to create the song and that is  “loving who you are, being who you are,” being “generous” and “tolerant, accepting that others are ‘born this way,’” and avoiding being “judgmental.” (Click, Lee, & Holladay 2013). In addition to those kindness messages, there are some reasons that people follow Lady Gaga. Hernandez (2021) explains how she is good at utilising social media platforms to communicate with everyone, not only her fans but also other people who can see her social media. Moreover, Click, Lee, & Holladay (2013) introduced the actual voice from her fans and the voice said that Lady gaga never uses Twitter to only promote herself and she uses Twitter to build up communication so that her fans follow her. When I found these facts, I got why people believe her and why Lady Gaga has succeeded to communicate well. As the Audio-Visual Essay shows, the majority of people showed delight to her when she participated in events and gave speeches. I analyse this as she has never told lies to the audience and has been showing what she wants to tell. If people discover that her message is manipulated for her career, no one can believe her, her messages, and her songs. However, her enthusiastic fans never doubt her messages and they put her messages on their mind as Neary reported (2019).   

She has created her communication in that way, she established the Born This Way Foundation to make her wishes, beliefs, and passions come true. As BornThis Way Foundation (2021) demonstrates, they have been expanding their activities such as holding events, practicing programs, and conducting projects. They are all based on three of their missions and visions that also follow Lady Gaga’s thoughts. For the foundation, Lady Gaga left this message: What’s amazing about the Born This Way Foundation is, it’s also made by young people for young people (BornThis Way Foundation 2021). Through the use of media, the foundation reported that their work is always informed by people’s input and they reached out to our community to learn more about what the Born This Way Foundation means to people. Furthermore, the foundation has partnered with many community-based organisations,which enables people to be aware of the foundation.

What I would like to summarise about Lady Gaga and Born This Way Foundation is that they are using social media as effective tools to communicate with their fans, and their messages are sent by her behavior, songs, as well as activities that are on the Internet.

Reference for Task 2:

Ani 2019, ‘Lady Gaga’s mother reveals traumatic details of singer’s childhood’, GULF NEWS, 25 October, viewed 29 April 2021, <>

ASSUNÇÃO, M 2018, ’12 Times Lady Gaga Showed Love for the LGBTQ Community’, billboard, 20 September, viewed 1 May 2021, <>

Aziz, A 2019, ‘The Power Of Purpose: How Lady Gaga’s Born This Way Foundation Is Creating A Kinder, Braver World’, Forbes, 25 April, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

BornThis Way Foundation 2021, Impact Report, BornThis Way Foundation, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

BornThis Way Foundation 2021, OUR WORK, BornThis Way Foundation, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

Fitzgerald, R 2021, ‘The Queer Politics of Lady Gaga’s ‘Born This Way”, The Glitter and Gold Magazine, 21 March, viewed 29 April 2021, 


Hernandez, B A 2021, ‘How Lady Gaga Created a Web Marketing Spectacle for Born This Way’,Mashable, 25 May, viewed 1 May 2021, <>

Juliet, W 2014, ‘ “Same DNA, but Burn This Way”: Lady Gaga and the possibilities of Postessentialist Feminism’, JOURNAL OF POPULAR MUSIC STUDIES, vol. 26, viewed 29 April 2021, <>

Moreau, J 2021, ‘JoJo Siwa Comes Out as Gay After Viral ‘Born This Way’ TikTok’, VARIETY, 22 January, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

Neary, L 2019, ‘How ‘Born This Way’ Was Born: An LGBT Anthem’s Pedigree’,american Anthem, 30 January, viewed 1 May 2021, <>

Powers, A 2011, ‘First Take: Lady Gaga’s ‘Born This Way’, The Record MUSIC NEW FROM NPR, 18 May, viewed 1 May 2021, <>

Reference for Task 3:

Aziz, A 2019, ‘The Power Of Purpose: How Lady Gaga’s Born This Way Foundation Is Creating A Kinder, Braver World’, Forbes, 25 April, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

Born This Way Foundation 2020, Born This Way Foundation: What We Do, online video, 24 July, Born This Way Foundation, viewed 3 June 2021, <>

BornThis Way Foundation 2021, Impact Report, BornThis Way Foundation, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

BornThis Way Foundation 2021, OUR WORK, BornThis Way Foundation, viewed 2 May 2021, <>

Breaking Copyright – Music For Videos & Streams 2020, Copyright Free Chill Background Music – “Way Home” by Tokyo Music Walker, online video, 27 September, Breaking Copyright – Music For Videos & Streams, viewed 3 June 2021, <>

Click, MA, Lee, H & Holladay, HW 2013, Making Monsters: Lady Gaga, Fan Identification, and Social Media, Popular Music and Society, 14 June, vol. 36, viewed 3 June 2021, <>

Funny Pets Videos 2019, Lady Gaga message to JGBT on Oscars CNN, online video, 26 February, Funny Pets Videos, viewed 3 June 2021, <>

Good Morning America 2019, Lady Gaga to LGBTQ community: ‘I would take a bullet for you’, online video, 29 June, Good Morning America, viewed 3 June 2021, <>

Hernandez, B A 2021, ‘How Lady Gaga Created a Web Marketing Spectacle for Born This Way’,Mashable, 25 May, viewed 1 May 2021, <>

Lady Gaga 2021, Born This Way, viewed 3 June 2021, <>

The Sight Of Suffering – How Would You Adopt Photographs?

Starving Child and Vulture/ Kevin Carter (time-100-influential-photos-kevin-carter-starving-child-vulture-87.jpg)

What do you think of this photograph of suffering?  Do you feel any emotions for the object that is the girl and the photographer? This is one of the photographs that made me think about its effects. In this blog, I am going to focus on how people engage photographs of suffering from the morals that photographers have and the reactions that spectators raise, which is my research question. To make this project the right way, I would like to use a case study which is about Kevin Carter who photographed that photo that is shown on the top.

Why This Is Important?

The aim of exploring this topic is to recognise the border that is blurred between the photographers’ intents and the audiences’ reaction. Although there are many scholars who have already mentioned it, there are many cases that are debated around the world, especially on the Internet.  In addition, there are not only debates and discussions, but also there are many serious problems such as the case of Kevin Carter. Hajrizi (2019) reported that despite he won the Pulitzer Prize for the photography Starving Child and Vulture, he committed suicide because he had depression that caused by the dilemma that he just photographed the facts such as the starving girl to report them to the world but he had done nothing to help them. When he took his own life, he left his messageI am haunted by the vivid memories of killings & corpses & anger & pain” (100 photos time 2021). It is possible to assume that there are many people who are in similar troubles. I acknowledge that it is easy to give their own opinions, in particular, the subject is ethical things but it is necessary to consider the purposes of the photographer to not misunderstand their works. At the same time, it is required how to heal photographers of their  traumatic issues or regrets to reduce the number of suffering photographers like Kevin Carter. Otherwise, any creation that includes documentaries, movies, TV programs, and other things will disappear because it can be judged they just make nothing to learn from them.

Who Does It Matter To?

This project is going to focus on the three different types of audiences that are creators, the spectators, and the people who actually experience. Dealing with these kinds of sensitive topics is essential and necessary for those who study media and communications as well as professionals because they will have many opportunities to produce, release, create any kinds of topics for the audience with any creations. Even though they are not students studying the subject, it is meaningful and considerable for everyone to understand this theme to receive messages correctly. Also, the number of giving opinions can be from non-professional people so it is important to point out what is acceptable or can be breach ethics. On the other hand, for the people who actually are troubled and are used by creators as the subjects, they need to understand what creators would like to reveal and tell the audience. It must maintain their rights and people have to respect through experiencing their lives.

What Has Already Been Reported In The Literature?

About the photographs of suffering, Szorenyi (2009) summarised in her publication that those photographs must represent to learn the human cost of war, famine, and other issues in the world. She also wrote, “it can provide a means by which those who are privileged might be prompted to reflect on vulnerability, their own and others” (Szorenyi 2009). For the perception of the photographs of suffering, she mentioned that to read the frame in which it is presented is an essential process not only the photograph. Szorenyi (2009) stated it is necessary to consider the discursive contents not only the contents of the photograph. To summarise her publication, it is necessary to present photographs of suffering and reading their frames at the same time. On the other hand, Ow Yeong (2014) analysed the case of Kevin Carter’s case as the feelings that he felt were paid for the occupation that needs the ability of dispassionate composure in a miserable situation. Furthermore, he pointed out one dangerous point that is “the camera itself might inhibit empathy in a photographer by encouraging the prioritization of images above individuals” (Ow Yeong 2014). As for the impact of Kevin Carter’s death, Hajrizi (2019) stated that his photograph with a starving girl and his death served many people who have similar problems by making international humanitarian organizations aware of the problems globally. He concluded this impact as “Sometimes one life is sacrificed to save thousands of lives” (Hajrizi 2019).

How To Address This Research Question

To undertake the research question that is “how people engage photographs of suffering at the aspects of the morals that photographers have and the reactions that spectators raise”, it is possible to approach two different ways. The first way is reading academic publications to see what scholars mentioned and thought, which enables people to gain reliable facts as well as evidence. This approach is the essential method to prevent gaining wrong theories or facts. Also, this project can be beneficial so referring to academic sources and making any states reliable is the first step to report to the audience. At the same time, it is important to observe what the spectators say and react to photographs of suffering. So I am going to use SNS especially Instagram, Facebook, and YouTube as the method. Those platforms are for posting pictures/videos or giving opinions about that so it is remarkable to use their voices to find the answer to the research question.


Hajrizi, E 2019, ‘International Conference Journalism, Media and Communication’, Conference Book of Proceedings International Conference, no.8, viewed 18 March 2021, <>

Szorenyi, A 2009, ‘Distanced suffering: photographed suffering and the construction of white in/vulnerability’, Social Semiotics, vol. 19, viewed 20 March 2021, <>

Ow Yeong, WK 2014, ‘Our failure of empathy’: Kevin Carter, Susan Sontag, and the problems of photography’,Think Pieces: A Journal of the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, viewed 18 March 2021, <>

time 100 photos  2021, Kevin Carter Starving Child and Vulture, time 100 photos, viewed 20 March 2021, <>

Reflection Report

Introduction for Autoethnography 

This project is based on the autoethnography that I have learned through this semester. Ellis, Adams, and Bochner (2011) defined autoethnography as an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyse personal experience in order to understand cultural experience. Also, they mentioned the autoethnographer can reach wider mass audiences by producing accessible texts, which can make personal and social change possible for more people. 

So what I aim for leaning/gaining the autoethnography is:

  • Putting myself in the right position and analyse the object
  • Informing what I have got to the others 

Introduction for DA 

This project is aiming for understanding what cosmetic surgery culture in South Korea is as well as how the culture is accepted by the audience. To gain the facts of its culture, the autoethnographic approach is conducted.

The DA has these main contents:

  • About what cosmetic surgery is 
    • Its definition, main types of cosmetic surgeries, the reasons why people who get cosmetic surgeries, which are referred by academic sources 
    • Connecting cosmetic surgery with South Korean by using both my personal experiences and public information that are on the Internet
  • One example for this project
    • My ID is Gangnam Beauty is used due to its contents
    • Personal reflections for the drama using collecting my own notes
  • Cosmetic Surgery in Japan
    • What Japanese think about cosmetic surgery. This information is based on academic sources and what I have heard from people actually.
    • One Japanese movie that is related to cosmetic surgery that can give an angle on how the Japanese think about cosmetic surgery.
  • My epiphanies
    • They are based on my experiences to reflect my experiences by watching the drama.
    • Some academic sources are used to support/highlight my epiphanies.

Methodology: Data collection 

To collect my feelings and thoughts about what I watch the drama, a data collection method is necessary. This approach is inspired by the Live-Tweeting activity that was conducted in the first four weeks at the tutorial time. 

The data collection is:

  • The summary of what I experience through the drama 
  • They are based on my personal thoughts

Once I collect my feelings and thoughts, I use those my reflection for analysing why I felt and thoughts and what facts/causes make me think so. 

What I have to pay attention to at this stage :

  • Not determining whether the culture is right or not
  • Not making my thoughts change and lying

Methodology: Prezi

Prezi is for presenting for my project. 

What the Prezi has:

  • Text – any information that is related to the project and they have notes to tell where the information comes from
  • Images – all of the attached images are for making the audience understand what the slides want to tell
  • Movie – the attached YouTube video is able to introduce the content   


There are three main conclusion points after conducting this project.

  1. For autoethnographic research
    • This is very useful and worth doing 
    • Being able to analyse with an objective eye
    • Possible to expand my own perspective
  2. For cosmetic surgery culture
    • Having both positive and negative opinions but no need to decide on one 
    • Different opinions to get cosmetic surgery with two countries South Korea and Japan
    • SNS can be the one cause 
  3. For my epiphanies
    • Being able to acknowledge the facts of what I feel/think
    • Academic sources demonstrate my personal reflection with evidences

What I would like to conclude as the summary of the whole project is the importance of acceptance of each other. I never deny cosmetic surgery, however, some potential reasons for cosmetic surgery are made by the people who judge others by their appearance. As I reported in my DA, sticking appearance can decrease self-esteem and SNS can give wrong information to the audience. If we have the perspective that everyone has a different identity and no one can involve them, the number of people who suffer will be decreased.


Reference for Image:

  • AESTHETICALLURE 2020,Needle vs. Cannula, image, AESTHETICALLURE, viewed 6 November 2020, <cannula-1160×700.jpg>
  • amazon prime video 2018, My ID is Gangnam Beauty, image, amazon prime video, viewed 8 November 2020, <71kqUU5QbqL._RI_.jpg>
  • Brandonk 2017, For Those Looking to Get Plastic Surgery… Know What You Are Getting Into and Don’t Trust the ‘Cosmetic Surgery’ Label, image, steemit, viewed 6 November 2020, <Screen-Shot-2017-04-26-at-12.43.51-PM.png>
  • Jeckson 2019, Plastic Surgery In South Korea: World’s Leading Cosmetic Surgery Destination., image, The Wow Style, viewed 6 November 2020, <Plastic-Surgery-1.jpg>
  • Le delano 2016,I turn back to the mirror, staring at my own eyes as they reflect back to me, image, Le delano, viewed 8 November 2020, <girlmirrorlg.jpg>
  • PROMISES BEHAVIOURAL HEALTH 2020, Depression in High School, image, PROMISES BEHAVIOURAL HEALTH, viewed 8 November 2020, <depression-in-high-school.jpeg>
  • Shinjuku Plastic surjery Hospitals 2020,Facial aesthetics, image, Shinjuku Plastic surjery Hospitals, viewed 6 November 2020, <pro-g0.jpg>
  • Retailworks Inc 2020, Social Media Sized, image, Retailworks Inc, viewed 8 November 2020, <Social-Media-Sized.jpg>
  • We Xpacts Guide 2020, Beauty Enhancement: Brief Background to Plastic Surgery Industry of Japan, image, We Xpacts Guide, viewed 6 November 2020, <en_161_4.jpg>

Research Report

Introduction for Autoethnography

This project is based on the autoethnographic approach that I have learned throughout this semester. Ellis, Adams, and Bochner (2011) defined autoethnography as an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyse personal experience in order to understand cultural experience. 

So what I aim for in this subject is:

  • Gaining the skill of autoethnography
  • Using the skills
  • Analysing my topic by using the skills 

Introduction for DA

This project is aiming for understanding what crime dramas and its purpose as well as both positive and negative opinions. To complete those purposes, the autoethnographic approach is used. The DA is constructed by the blog series which has four posts, and has these contents:

  • About what crime dramas are
    • the definition
    • reasons why people want to watch them 
    • types of crime dramas
    • what I discuss through the blog series
  • Field site of crime dramas – this will be described in the methodology part
    • SNS
    • Word of mouth
  • Positive and negative opinions – this section will be described in the methodology part
  • My final argument

Methodology: Field Site

Building the field site of crime dramas leads to a better understanding of how people access that, which also will be meaningful keys for analysing that. While there are many components on the field site, SNS and Word of the mouth are picked up in this project due to their features.

  • SNS – the most effective key that people can access, share, and post their own opinions
    • YouTube – a kind of new platform that crime dramas fans upload their recommendation to the audience and share their opinions
    • Twitter – where people post their own thoughts and people get the latest information by official accounts. There are some interesting points that official accounts can get many reactions from the audience but there are few comments that talk about other dramas.         
  • Word of mouth – can involve SNS to spread the sources
    • Most important information to see what people think about crime dramas
    • Can be reliable if that information is delivered by the viewers not companies

Methodology: Observational Research

The observational research is for knowing what people think about crime dramas but the research is not set up as an “interview”. This research is a summary of what I heard from the people and what I see on the Internet. There are both positive and negative opinions as to the results of this research.

  • Positive opinions
    • Being able to learn about what happened in the past in your country by watching crime dramas that are based on actual cases
    • Reported globally is one of the benefits, which introduced in the blog
    • Learning about the legal system by watching dramas that are related to law, politics, and other crime things
  • Negative opinions
    • Do not show the truth and showing wrong information such as overexpressed and hiding serious issues that are happened in reality
    • Possible to stimulate the people to break the law due to the scene of crimes


I never decide whether crime dramas are acceptable or not but I have some opinions for both positive and negative opinions.

  • For positive opinions

I can agree with those positive opinions because I am the one who experienced that learning about the historical cases and the legal system.

  • For negative opinions

They are the first time to make me think about the negative sides of crime dramas but I understand what they mean to the audience.

What I would like to say about crime dramas is important to understand what they are. If we could avoid misunderstanding crime dramas, the negative opinions would be decreased. 


  • Council on Foreign Relations 2012,Lessons Learned: Tokyo Sarin Gas Attack, online video, 21 March, viewed 2 November 2020, <>
  • Tuzo Anime 2019, Top 25 Japanese Detective Dramas 2019, online video, 10 March, Tuzo Anime, viewed 27 October 2020, <>

#4 Summarise through This Project

In this blog post which is the final post of the series, I am going to summarise what crime dramas are.

Before going to the details, let me recap what autoethnography is. Ellis, Adams, and Bochner (2011) defined autoethnography as an approach to research and writing that seeks to describe and systematically analyze personal experience in order to understand cultural experience.

Autoethnography : Understanding the bias of the brain (×569.jpg)

So I am going to write my experiences about what I found/thought through this project to follow their definitions. As I mentioned in the #1 blog post, writing my experiences and opinions does not mean that I conclude whether people’s opinions are right as well as crime dramas. What I am going to write is based on academic sources that I used and facts that I found by observational research as well as information that is on the Internet. 

For positive opinions

Basically, I agree with the positive opinions that I wrote in the previous blog post because learning and knowing what happened in Japan in the past gives me time to think about how those incidents happened and why people did wrong things. Actually, I sometimes feel really scared and feel sad but I do not say having those feelings is worthless. This thought is similar to what Sachs said. In addition, the opinion that it is possible to learn the legal system by crime/legal dramas can make sense to me because it was easy to understand the legal system due to the fact that I have watched and read crime/legal dramas. Thanks to those experiences, I can say I have learned general culture as the person who I am living in this world.

5 Podcasts True-Crime Junkies Will Love (

For negative opinions

I understand the negative opinions which were mentioned in the previous blog post. When I found the fact that crime dramas do not show the issues that there is racism and normalise police misconduct, I imagined how the people who are troubled feel anger. While I understand TV dramas do not show those illegal facts, it is necessary to see. For the opinion that crime dramas can stimulate people to break laws, it is difficult to say I can agree with that because we should know what is right and what is wrong. However, I know humans are easy to be influenced so I can assume that there are risks that there are people who are influenced easily. Also, I wonder if there were no crime/legal dramas in this world, the number of crimes might be smaller. 

My final Argument

What I would leave my comment through this project is understanding what TV dramas are. Even though there are crime dramas that are based on actual cases, those dramas are remade to tell the incident to the audience. So we have to acknowledge not all the entire contents may be true and some information might be created to make the audience understand the details.In addition, it is important to feel sadness and anger by watching those dramas, and imagine what happens if people break laws, not gaining the ways how to break laws. If we avoid misunderstanding these points, the risks of people who are influenced by crime dramas can be decreased.

#3 Positive Opinions & Negative Opinions

In this third blog post, I am going to focus on what people think about crime dramas using an autoethnographic approach. 

As I stated in the old blog post, the purpose of crime drama is for providing entertainment, rather than to educate, research suggests that people learn about crime from watching television, which was described by Rhineberger-dunn, Briggs & Rader in 2016. To support these arguments, I would like to quote this “our feelings of pity and fear make us recognize what we care for and cherish, and It is not so strange that we learn the worth of something by losing it”. This is from Aristotle: Poetics and it can give a sense of the purpose of crime dramas.

However, what I found through observational research differs from them.

Positive Opinions

What I have gotten positive opinions for crime dramas is basically the same as the reasons why people watch crime dramas that I mentioned in the #1 blog series. Especially for the people who are my parents’ generations think watching crime dramas is important. For example, my mother and my uncle often watch particularly non-fictional crime dramas and they said getting information about what happened in your country in the past is important because those historical cases create our current country. They told me their opinion when I was 12 years old and I paid attention to watch non-fictional crime dramas/ documentaries to learn about that. Also, I found the biggest miserable case that happened in Japan has been reported globally, and I could see what others think/feel about that, which is another positive side.

Lessons Learned: Tokyo Sarin Gas Attack (

In addition to those points, being able to learn about the legal system is another big opinion that I saw. Not all crime dramas can make sense in real life, but they are enough to study especially police investigations, journal contexts, and any other systems. Those opinions are from Twitter and there are some websites that recommend some crime/legal dramas to study the legal system. This is one of those websites and it introduces some legal dramas for those people who want to be a lawyer. (Unfortunately, this site is written in Japanese)

Negative Opinions

On the other hand, negative opinions that people have for crime dramas are related to ethical and educational reasons. One opinion that is from my relatives who is a policeman in Japan is that crime dramas can make the audience misunderstand because there are some scenes that are overexpressed compared to real. This opinion is similar to what I mentioned in the old blog post that reports one result of a survey that was conducted by Weaver, Salamonson, Koch & Porter. However, I found this article that reported TV dramas do not reveal serious issues such as racism and normalise police misconduct. This is the total opposite side with the opinion from my relative even though it is the same as the aspects of crime dramas show the wrong facts.Also, there is another opinion that is from my friend who studies psychology at university. She said there are many potential risks that stimulate people to break the law such as pretending the person has a mental illness to get away with the crime. This opinion reminded me of arguments that are about whether crime dramas/anime have negative effects on people.  Although this website is written in Japanese, this article talks about what Japanese people think about anime that have violent scenes. It is possible to see both positive and negative opinions about the topic.

In the next blog post, I am going to summarise through this project.

#2 Field Site of Crime Dramas

In this blog post, I am going to focus on the field site of crime dramas. 

As I mentioned how to build the field site in my old blog post, I would like to follow Airoldi who summarised research searches as finding documents that you want to get information by searching with related terms/phrases rather than going through specific documents directly. What I created for the initial field site is this one. 

Filed site of crime dramas

 I would like to highlight “SNS” and “Word of mouth” as key field sites for crime dramas because I have found more related information each since I created that. And those key field sites can lead you to the depth of my project as a result. 


As you can imagine easily, there is numerous information on the Internet, and people post, share and handle them. I would like to emphasise two SNS that are YouTube and Twitter in this blog series. I found there are many people who share their own favorite crime dramas or discuss those dramas on the Internet, and they are not related to making or releasing crime dramas. This is an example that crime drama fans uploaded videos on YouTube to introduce that.

Top 25 Japanese Detective Dramas 2019 (

This YouTube has the information of the title and reputation by the audiences. What I am surprised about is that it is able to watch those recommended crime dramas for foreigners, not only Japanese. Also, other international fans of Japanese crime dramas recommend their own favorite dramas, which can be a new source that other people can get the information.

Twitter is also another way to get information about people’s favorite as well as their discussion. While there are many official accounts that are for crime dramas and those accounts get many replies, people who comment on them just talk about the program and they do not mention other crime dramas due to the feature.

So I am going to focus on non-official accounts and the audiences’ tweets. There are many tweets and you can see what they talk about by using specific words such as “crime dramas” or ” detective dramas”.

Word of mouth

Word of mouth is the most important thing in this project to understand what people think about crime dramas. Cambridge Dictionary (2020) defines the meaning of word of mouth as “given or done by people talking about something or telling people about something”. So Twitter is part of word of mouth by the audience and it can be reliable because those tweets are written by the viewers, not companies.

Takayuki & Arisa (2018) summarised that if the information that is related to the reputation by companies, it can be false because they try to manipulate to show how they are admired. So it is necessary to consider whether the word of mouth can be reliable. Also, word of mouth is not only on the Internet. When you are talking with your friends, what your friends say can be the one because their opinions can be shared by someone else.

In the next blog post, I am going to discuss the result of my observational research.

#1 My DA is Crime Dramas

I have decided to release the blog series about my media niche which is crime dramas as my DA and the blog series will be four posts that struct:

  1. Recap about crime dramas and what I would like to discuss through the blog series
  2. Detailed field site that I have collected 
  3. Found information by observational research which includes both positive and negative opinions
  4. My final argument 

What I would like to note is all of my research is based on autoethnographic approach and I never conclude about crime dramas with my own personal perception.

What is a television crime drama?

GCSE MEDIA STUDIES (2015) defined it as a sub-genre of the television drama genre and usually focuses on the committing and solving of a crime. They are the fictional recreation of real-life stories. However, there are also non-fictional stories that are based on actual cases and remade them to tell the audience. 

Making Your Crime Dramas Realistic(×608.jpg)

Why do people want to watch crime dramas?

As I mentioned this point in the my first blog, there are four main reasons that are introduced by CineVue:

  • Audiences can learn about famous historical cases
  • They include a creative long-form type of storytelling
  • Crime dramas are very informative
  • There’s always an interesting mystery or plot twist 

In addition to these reasons, I would like to mention that there are some people who think watching crime dramas can learn about how to build relationships as well as moral between the others.  

Types of crime dramas

As I mentioned above, there are two main differences between crime dramas that are fictional stories and non-fictional stories. However, it is possible to categorise fictional crime dramas in detail. Patterson’s weblog post (2013) introduces 9 different categories and I pick up 5:

  • Cosy mystery genre – the scene of violence is not described in detail and set up in a small town.
  • Hard-boiled private investigator genre – used violence clearly and the detective follows clues in the dark underbelly of the city.
  • The legal thriller – use of the rules and procedures of a legal world. It focuses on what happens after a crime is committed and an arrest is made.
  • The general suspense thriller – features a protagonist who is generally thrown into the action in the aftermath of a crime.
  • The military thriller – has a protagonist who is often a member of the military,  the CIA, or the FBI. And the criminals are crooked politicians or terrorists. 
Mississippi’s Crime Rate is Down (

What I would like to discuss through my blog series

The first time when I decided to research crime dramas was based on my personal interest in why people want to watch them even though there are many acts of violence, sadness, and other negative feelings. However, the more I researched them, the more my curiosity became clear and I decided to research the psychological feelings or motivation of the people who want to watch them. Furthermore, I decided to research the ethical issues by watching them as well as how they can impact the audience in terms of education. What I mean by “ethical issues” covers two main points:

  • The effects for both the victim family and criminals if the crime drama is based on actual case
  • The possibility of the risk that the story impacts and make people stimulated by the stories commit a crime

In the next blog post, I am going to focus on the field site of crime dramas.  

Research Project Pitch

My research is going to focus on crime dramas/anime to discover why people like to watch them even though there are many negative emotions, and also focus on the connections between miserable things that happen in fiction and in the real world.

As I posted on previous blog posts, I identified the field site and schedule, and I am going to take observations and online surveys on Twitter to hear the opinions of what people think/feel when they watch crime dramas/anime. The online survey will contain both quantitative questions and qualitative questions, which enable me to understand the depth as well as collect various data. 

By conducting observations and online surveys, it is needed to consider the ethical problems. Protecting the personal information of the people who join my surveys is the most important and there are other points that I have to be careful of. Winter & Lavis (2019) warned online ethnography has risks ignoring the nuances that exist in online spaces and potentially does a disservice to participants and the communities to which they belong. So I will focus on the meaning of the comment that people say on the Internet not only accepting the meaning on the surface.

For my digital artifact, I will release the summarised result of my research by putting information that I find and correct through this project. I hope my digital artifact can make sense to the audience and give new knowledge about crime dramas/anime. Also, it can be the answer to my questions as a result.

Research Project Pitch for BCM241


Ellis, C, Adams, T.E, and Bochner, A.P 2011, ‘Autoethnography: An Overview’, Forum: Qualitative Social Research, no. 1, viewed 6 August 2020, <>

Winter, R & Lavis, A 2019, ‘Looking, But Not Listening? Theorizing the Practice and Ethics of Online Ethnography’, SAGE journals, vo.15, viewed 28 August 2020, <>